Posts tagged: law

New to studying law at Salford?

8 February 2017
Nicola Sales

Nicola Sales, Academic Support Librarian for Law

If you are new to studying law at Salford then you may have a few questions about how to go about finding legal information resources for your studies and assignments. We look at answering some of them in this blog post, if your query isn’t covered here please get in touch with me at n.sales@salford.ac.uk.

There are four main types of information resources that you will need to consult during your programme. These are:

  • Books or eBooks
  • Legal case materials
  • Legislation (such as Acts of Parliament)
  • Legal Journal articles

See the boxes below for discovering how you would find these four main types of legal information resources.

You may also want to find out other information about:

Books or eBooks

stack of book

Find the books and eBooks you need using Salford Library Search

Clifford Whitworth Library, based on the Clifford Whitworth Library is open 24/7 all year. You can borrow up to 25 books if you are an undergraduate student or up to 35 if you are in your final year of your undergraduate degree or studying for a postgraduate qualification. If you are study or live away from campus however we have thousands of eBooks that you can access directly from your computer or mobile device.

You can discover what we have in stock by searching the Library Search system. This one minute guide will quickly show you how to get started searching for the books and eBooks you need.

There also also additional features you can use on the Library Search system to manage your research, discover how to save your favourite items for future quick reference and see exactly where your item you want is held in the Library by reading this blog post about Library Search’s additional features: http://blogs.salford.ac.uk/digital-literacy-skills/check-new-look-library-search/ 

Legal case materials

Picture of a filing cabinet

A database is just like an electronic filing cabinet

You will also need to find information about legal cases. To find the highest quality academic legal information it is best to use a database. Westlaw is a great database to use if you are new to studying law. It is easy and quick to search and unlike content you may find through using Google you can guarantee that it is the latest legal information available.

 Westlaw is a database…

…it is like electronic filing cabinet and holds lots of   information on a subject area in one place.

…it holds a range of information, e.g. all UK and EU   cases, international materials, legislation and journal   articles, and more

…it allows you to search many resources all at once!

Westlaw can be accessed from off-campus using your network username and password.

To access Westlaw

  1. Search for ‘Westlaw UK’ in Library Search
  2. Click on ‘Online resource’
  3. Enter your network username and password

If you are new to searching for cases on Westlaw UK, take this 5 minute tutorial by clicking on the image below to discover all you need to know to get hold of the legal case material you need:

Screenshot of Westlaw UK elearning module

Click image to access training lesson

Legislation

Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 Act of Parliament

Front page example of an Act of Parliament

You will also need to find Legislation. These could be Acts of Parliament, also known as Statutes, or Statutory Instruments such as regulations or orders. Just like with cases the best place to find the most recent version of a statutes is using a database like Westlaw UK. Westlaw is updated a few times a day so unlike the legislation you may find via Google, you can guarantee that the version of a statute you are reading on screen is current.

If you are new to searching for legislation using Westlaw UK, take this 5 minute tutorial by clicking on the image below to discover all you need to know to access the legislation materials you need:

To access Westlaw

  1. Search for ‘Westlaw UK’ in Library Search
  2. Click on ‘Online resource’
  3. Enter your network username and password
Westlaw legislation elearning module

Click on the image to access the Westlaw Legislation eLearning tutorial

Legal Journal Articles

What are journal articles?

Legal journal article examples

An example of a Legal Journal Title. A weekly magazine covering reports on the legal profession

Journal articles are really useful when you are studying as they are short pieces of text covering very focused topics.

They are the same as magazines that you may read in your leisure time however they contain academic articles about topics in your subject area rather then fashion pieces, television reviews or recipes.

The benefits of using journal articles that you find via the Library Search system is that you can guarantee that they are written by experts.

In law this may be legal academics, judges, solicitors, barristers and leading legal commentators.

Many journals have to go through a process called ‘peer review’. this means that before a legal journal article is published its contents is checked and verified for accuracy by other leading experts in the field.

As journals are published weekly, monthly or quarterly the articles within the journals cover more up-to-date and current topics than the information you may find in textbooks. This is because textbooks can take over a year to be published where as journal articles are published much sooner.

This one minute video illustrates what journal articles are:


The Library has access to thousands of journal articles for you to search online to find evidence to support your arguments. To search for journal articles, access Westlaw UK.

To access Westlaw

  1. Search for ‘Westlaw UK’ in Library Search
  2. Click on ‘Online resource’
  3. Enter your network username and password

Westlaw UK contains the Legal Journals Index, this is a catalogue of all the journal articles published in the UK in law related journal titles. Westlaw has access to many of these articles in full text for you to read on screen.

Find Law Journal Articles

 

 What if the journal article I need isn’t on Westlaw UK in full text?

Although Westlaw UK has hundreds of journal article in full text, there may be times where only a summary of the article you want is provided. Westlaw UK is one of many online legal information products that we subscribe to at the Library. It is likely that we have access to the journal article you need via another source. Always check Library Search for the title of the journal you need and follow the links from here to access the full text of the individual article.

  1. Check on Westlaw for the title of the journal that your article is published in
  2. Go to Library Search and search for the title of the journal (not the article)
  3. If we subscribe to the journal article electronically the journal title will be listed in the list of your Library Search results.
  4. If we subscribe to the journal you need in print, details of where this is located in the Library will be listed. If you are registered on a distance learning course the library can scan a journal article to you via email. Please contact me using the email above if you need this service.

What if the journal article I need isn’t on Westlaw UK or available via Library Search?

Need something library request service

Request a article we don’t have using the ‘Need Something…?’ service

 

Occasionally the journal article you need may not be available via Westlaw UK or any of the other legal information sources we have available via Library Search.

If this is the case you can request the item via the ‘Need Something’ Library service: http://www.salford.ac.uk/library/use/need-something-we-dont-have

You can apply for a set number of items for free each academic year. Discover by following the text link above or clicking on the above image.

Remember you can also get support by the following ways:

Facebook

Follow Salford Skills for Learning on Facebook

Nicola Sales

Email: Nicola Sales, Academic Support Librarian for Law

Twitter image

Follow @SkillupUS for the latest hints and tips for study

 

 

 

Finding international legal materials

8 July 2016

The Library has the database for you. LexisLibrary provides access to UK case law, legislation and journal articles but it also has a large international law section where you can search for legal information by country. There is a large US collection as well as information from other jurisdictions.

 

 

This useful guide from LexisLibrary shows you how: International Sources Guide LexisLibrary

You can access LexisLibrary via Library Search , search for LexisLibrary and click ‘view online’. You will need your network username and password to use LexisLibrary.

Logo for Westlaw UK legal database

Westlaw UK

 

 

 

 

 

You can also search for international legal materials using Westlaw UK.

This guide, produced by Westlaw, explains how to perform searches to find international legal materials.

OSCOLA Referencing: A very quick guide

17 May 2016

What is OSCOLA?

OSCOLA is used by law students studying for a law degree with Salford Law, Salford Business School. All other subjects use Harvard Referencing APA 6th.

 

Adding a footnote to your Word document

 

How to Reference Common Resources using OSCOLA

Books

  • Titles of books should be italicized
  • In footnotes, the author’s first name or initial(s) precedes their surname.
  • In bibliographies, the surname comes first, followed by the initial(s), then a comma.

To write a reference for a book you will need the following information:

  • Author of the book
  • Book title
  • Book edition
  • Publisher
  • Year of publication (often found on the reverse of the title page)

Book references will need to be written in the following way:

Author, title of book (edition publisher year)

 Timothy Endicott, Administrative Law (OUP 2009)

Gareth Jones, Goff and Jones: The Law of Restitution (7th ed Sweet & Maxwell 2009)

For a footnote if you are quoting or paraphrasing from a specific page, the page number must be inserted at the end. You do not need to write p, pp or page.

Timothy Endicott, Administrative Law (OUP 2009) 42


Journal articles (found on Westlaw) 

To reference a journal article you will need the following information:

  •  Author of article
  • Title of the article
  • Name of the journal the article comes from
  • Year the article was published
  • Volume or issue details for the article
  • First page of the issue the article starts on

Journal articles reference will need to be written in the following way:

Author, ‘title of article’ (year) volume/issue journal name or abbreviation first page of article

Alison Young, ‘In defense of Due Deference’ (2009) 72 MLR 554

For a footnote if you are quoting or paraphrasing from a specific page, the page number must be inserted at the end. You do not need to write p, pp or page.

Alison Young, ‘In defense of Due Deference’ (2009) 72 MLR 554, 560

Cases

To reference a case you will need the following information:

  • Case name
  • Year of case report
  • Abbreviation of law report series published in
  • Volume number if applicable
  • Starting page of the report
  • Neutral citation if available

Case references will need to be written in the following way:

Case name [year] OR (year) volume report abbreviation first page

 Callery v Gray [2001] 1 WLR 2112

If the case has a neutral citation you will need to include the reference to the case judgement as well as the law report that you have been reading. If you have only consulted the case judgement (usually found free on the internet) then you only need include the neutral citation.

Callery v Gray [2001] EWCA Civ 1117, [2001] 1 WLR 2112

If you are citing or quoting information from a page which is not the first page of the report you will need to include this in your reference. This is called a pinpoint.

Callery v Gray [2001] EWCA Civ 1117, [2001] 1 WLR 2112, 2114

If the case is written using paragraph numbers instead or page numbers the pinpoint will appear as follows:

Callery v Gray [2001] EWCA Civ 1117, [2001] 1 WLR 2112, [12]

 

Websites

Author, ‘title of web article<web address> accessed date

Campaign for Freedom of Information, ‘Whistle-blowing’ <http://www.cfoi.org.uk/whistle.html> accessed 8 February 2011

  • If there is no author for the webpage information use the corporate author for the website such as the BBC, Company name or Organisation name.
  • You must include the date you accessed the website in your reference.
  • If there is no obvious title to the information you are using, reference the webpage heading.

 

Is your information resource not listed above?

Check out the University of Salford’s guide to referencing different resource types:

http://www.salford.ac.uk/skills-for-learning/home/using-and-referencing-information/oscola

 

Example Bibliography

Example of Table of Cases, Table of Legislation and Bibliography to go at the end of your essay

Sample bibliography for OSCOLA style

Remember to ensure the author surname is listed first in the Bibliography.

Save Your Word Count Using OSCOLA

Click the image to access the guide

Click the image to access the guide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What are Legal Journal Articles and How Do I Find Them?

17 May 2016

What are journal articles?


 

The Library subscribe to Westlaw UK so you can access it whenever and wherever you are to do your legal case research. You need to access Westlaw by searching for ‘Westlaw UK’ in Library Search. Enter your network username and password to get access to Westlaw UK.

Click image to access Salford's Library Search and find Westlaw UK.

Click image to access Salford’s Library Search and find Westlaw UK.

Find Law Journal Articles

 

 What if the journal article I need isn’t on Westlaw UK in full text?

 

 

 

What is Legislation and How Do I Find It?

17 May 2016

What is legislation?

There is video here that shows you all about UK legislation:  https://youtu.be/1KFGt9M-j28

 

Find UK legislation information using a database called Westlaw UK.

 

Click image to access Salford's Library Search and find Westlaw UK.

Click image to access Salford’s Library Search and find Westlaw UK.

 

The Library subscribe to Westlaw UK so you can access legislation information whenever and wherever you are to do your legal research. You need to access Westlaw by searching for ‘Westlaw UK’ in Library Search. Enter your network username and password to get access to Westlaw UK.

 

 

 

 

 

Click on the image to access the video. Select ‘Episode 4’ from content list.

Click on the image to access the video. Select ‘Episode 4’ from content list.

Only got 2 minutes? This quick video will show you how to get started searching for Legislation using Westlaw UK

 

 

 

 

 

Click image to access training lesson

Click image to access training lesson

 

 

 

 

Got 5 minutes? This very short interactive lesson on using Westlaw to find legislation will take you through everything you will ever need to know about finding legislation for your seminars and assignments

 

Click on the image to access the video. Select ‘Annotated Statutes’ from content list.

Click on the image to access the video. Select ‘Annotated Statutes’ from content list.

This is an interesting to watch video if you have 10 minutes, about Westlaw UK’s Annotated Legislation – ‘Understanding the Law just got easier!’

 

If you don’t have 10 minutes but you would like to know a bit more about annotated statutes, check out Westlaw UK’s article: 10 things you need to know about annotations

10 things to know about annotations

Find Legal Cases and Law Reports

17 May 2016

Find UK and EU case information using a database called Westlaw UK.

The Library subscribe to Westlaw UK so you can access it whenever and wherever you are to do your legal case research. You need to access Westlaw by searching for ‘Westlaw UK’ in Library Search. Enter your network username and password to get access to Westlaw UK.

Click image to access Salford's Library Search and find Westlaw UK.

Click image to access Salford’s Library Search and find Westlaw UK.

 

 

Only got 2 minutes, this quick guide to finding cases for your legal research using Westlaw will get you started:

Click on the image to access the video. Select 'Episode 3' from content list.

Click on the image to access the video. Select ‘Episode 3’ from content list.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Got 5 minutes? This very short interactive lesson on using Westlaw to find cases will take you through everything you will ever need to know about finding cases for your seminars and assignments

click image to access training lesson

Click image to access training lesson

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Legal Citations and Abbreviations: Confusing or What!

17 May 2016
click image to access legal abbreviations tutorial

click image to access legal abbreviations tutorial

Get to Grips With Law Reports

17 May 2016

This presentation by the City University Law Librarian explains everything you need to know about law reports. What they are, how they are created and why they are important. If you have any questions about law reports at the University of Salford please get in touch with Nicola, the Academic Support Librarian for Law at the University of Salford: n.sales@salford.ac.uk

Click here to access presentation

Click here to access presentation

What legal resources do you need when studying law?

17 May 2016
Access presentation on what legal information resources you need for your law degree

Access presentation on what legal information resources you need for your law degree