Posts tagged: referencing

The 7 study mistakes too many students make – learn what they are and don’t make them yourself!

3 March 2017
Amy Pearson

You really don’t want to miss what Amy has to say about the 7 study mistakes that can cost you marks.


Some study mistakes are no big deal, others really are a big deal as they can affect your final degree classification. This is why we have put together a short online package to introduce you to the 7 things, why they matter and how you can avoid them. They are:

  1. Plagiarism
  2. Self-plagiarism (or double submission)
  3. Collusion
  4. Falsifying experimental or other investigative results
  5. Contracting another to write a piece of assessed work / Writing a piece of assessed work for another
  6. Taking any unauthorised material into an examination. Copying from, or communicating with, another examination candidate during an examination.
  7. Bribery

Spare 20 minutes to complete the eLearning – it really will be time well spent! Click on the image to get started…
Introduction to Academic Misconduct












Important Changes to Ref Me

17 February 2017
Jen Earl

Jen wants to make you aware of changes to Ref Me.

It has just been announced that RefMe will be changing to Cite This For Me on February 28th 2017. Full details on this news can be found on the Ref Me website.

If you have a RefMe account you will still have access to your account and saved Reference lists until June 1st, 2017, but you will need to export them before this date or you will lose them.

If you want to create an account for Cite This For Me it will cost £6.99 a month but you are able to generate a reference list without creating an account. However without an account your reference list won’t be saved for future use.

There are a number of reference management tools on the market and Salford University’s supported solution is EndNote. This comes in a free online version and the full desktop software, which is available on open access PCs in the library. As well as storing all your bibliographic references, EndNote can find and store PDFs plus it integrates neatly with Word to insert and format references. If you’d like to find out more about EndNote please look at our videos and Endnote link.

Curate. Don’t drown in a sea of information. Organize.

18 January 2017


Welcome to day 3 of national Bring Your Own Device for Learning Week. Here at Salford we are offering a short online course to help you make the most of your mobile device, as well as on campus activities all week. There’s no need to book, just follow the link below and participate as much or as little as you like.

Day three

Today’s theme is curating – how to stay on top of the latest developments in your area, and how you can organise your documents, ideas and notes. Drop in to Mary Seacole, room 187, between 12:00 and 13:00 today to find out more.

There’s so much information, it can become overwhelming. Why not explore ways of using your devices and applications to filter, store, organise and manage information effectively?

Note taking
One Note

Document reader
Feedly (helps you keep on top of news and literature in your field)

Pocket (save webpages to view later, even without an internet connection)


For more apps, check out this curating shelf.

Don’t forget the twitter chat this evening, between 20:00 and 21:00 (UK time) to share your experiences so far. Check out: #byod4lchat

Can’t join in but want to get your device set up for learning? Try our online guide

Need some human help? Turn up with your device at Clifford Whitworth library, first floor, between 12 and 2, Monday to Friday. No need to book, pop along with your device and we’ll help you get started.

A letter to… Anne and everyone else doing battle with referencing.

30 November 2016
Amy Pearson

Amy Pearson
Content Developer

Dear Anne, you are not alone. I, and many others, also learnt the art of referencing the hard way!

In reply to your post ‘Referencing Lessons #studentdiaries‘ and for anyone else working on assignments at the moment, here are some referencing tips from Skills for Learning:

1. Make sure you know which referencing style you should be using.

Styles mainly used at the University of Salford are Harvard APA 6th and Oscola (for Law subjects)
More info…

2. As you read and make notes, write down your sources.

You need to be sure that you know where your quotes and ideas are from. When you are making notes you will inevitably write down good quotes, paraphrase content and summarise. It is important that you also make a note of the original source so that you can cite and reference it correctly when you come to write your assignment.

3. Remember that the work of others isn’t always written.

Commonly used sources that you need to reference are: written work, computer programs, ideas, graphs, laboratory or survey results, drawings, musical compositions, diagrams and designs.

4. If you cite something within your writing you need to include it in your reference list.

The reference list is placed after the main body of text but before your appendices. Items are listed in alphabetical order, by author or title if the author is unknown. You should not number your reference list.

5. Use reference management software to keep track of all your sources.

RefME is a great place to start. It generates references for you but remember that the information you get out is only as good as the information you put in. It is still down to you to check that the formatting of the citations and references is correct.

Endnote Web is a good tool for managing your sources as you progress through your studies, particularly as you begin your dissertation. It allows you to create your own personal database of all the references that you find during your research. They can be entered into your Endnote database manually or downloaded directly from most library databases. You can then work with MS Word to create citations and bibliographies automatically in most output styles. Again, you will still need to check that the formatting of the citations and references is correct.
More info…

6. Use the Turnitin Originality Report.

The Turnitin Originality Report finds text that matches other text in other sources such as ebooks, journals, websites and assignments already submitted through Turnitin. Matched text is shown in the report. You can then check that you have cited and referenced this content. It won’t check that you have formatted your citations and references correctly, you’ll need to do that for yourself!
More info…

7. Referencing isn’t a trick.

Referencing isn’t there to catch you out, it is simply a recognised way for you to acknowledge when you have used the work and ideas of others in your own work. Don’t worry about it. If you are unsure then check out our guides and examples. Our web-based quick guide shows you how to reference simple stuff and also some of the more unusual things. If you can’t find what you need then please contact your Academic Support Librarian.

8. Getting your referencing correct and avoiding plagiarism are different things.

To avoid plagiarism the important thing is that you acknowledge, in some way, when you use the words and ideas of others in your work. Getting the format of the citation and reference correct is good practice but it isn’t essential for avoiding plagiarism. What is essential is that you are clear about where the ideas and words of others are from, in other words you cite and reference your sources.  Getting the format of your references and citations correct is important when you have been asked to use a particular style, for example APA 6th (Harvard Style). Getting it wrong may loose you a few marks for incorrect style but you shouldn’t get into hot water for plagiarism provided that you have acknowledged that the words or ideas are someone else’s.

Join us at our Summer School 2016

6 June 2016

Events running 20-30 June

We’re running lots of workshops during June which are perfect if you’re new to the University or even if you’ve been here a while, but just not noticed some of the excellent workshops we provide! We’re calling it our ‘Skills for Learning – Summer School 2016’ and it would be great if you, and the sun, could join us.

So if you need to learn how to find information for your assignments, improve your study skills and build on your IT skills this is the place to start.

Some workshops/events require you to book a place whilst others just invite you to turn up.

To find out what’s on offer visit Summer School 2016

Image representing workshops

OSCOLA Referencing: A very quick guide

17 May 2016

What is OSCOLA?

OSCOLA is used by law students studying for a law degree with Salford Law, Salford Business School. All other subjects use Harvard Referencing APA 6th.


Adding a footnote to your Word document


How to Reference Common Resources using OSCOLA


  • Titles of books should be italicized
  • In footnotes, the author’s first name or initial(s) precedes their surname.
  • In bibliographies, the surname comes first, followed by the initial(s), then a comma.

To write a reference for a book you will need the following information:

  • Author of the book
  • Book title
  • Book edition
  • Publisher
  • Year of publication (often found on the reverse of the title page)

Book references will need to be written in the following way:

Author, title of book (edition publisher year)

 Timothy Endicott, Administrative Law (OUP 2009)

Gareth Jones, Goff and Jones: The Law of Restitution (7th ed Sweet & Maxwell 2009)

For a footnote if you are quoting or paraphrasing from a specific page, the page number must be inserted at the end. You do not need to write p, pp or page.

Timothy Endicott, Administrative Law (OUP 2009) 42

Journal articles (found on Westlaw) 

To reference a journal article you will need the following information:

  •  Author of article
  • Title of the article
  • Name of the journal the article comes from
  • Year the article was published
  • Volume or issue details for the article
  • First page of the issue the article starts on

Journal articles reference will need to be written in the following way:

Author, ‘title of article’ (year) volume/issue journal name or abbreviation first page of article

Alison Young, ‘In defense of Due Deference’ (2009) 72 MLR 554

For a footnote if you are quoting or paraphrasing from a specific page, the page number must be inserted at the end. You do not need to write p, pp or page.

Alison Young, ‘In defense of Due Deference’ (2009) 72 MLR 554, 560


To reference a case you will need the following information:

  • Case name
  • Year of case report
  • Abbreviation of law report series published in
  • Volume number if applicable
  • Starting page of the report
  • Neutral citation if available

Case references will need to be written in the following way:

Case name [year] OR (year) volume report abbreviation first page

 Callery v Gray [2001] 1 WLR 2112

If the case has a neutral citation you will need to include the reference to the case judgement as well as the law report that you have been reading. If you have only consulted the case judgement (usually found free on the internet) then you only need include the neutral citation.

Callery v Gray [2001] EWCA Civ 1117, [2001] 1 WLR 2112

If you are citing or quoting information from a page which is not the first page of the report you will need to include this in your reference. This is called a pinpoint.

Callery v Gray [2001] EWCA Civ 1117, [2001] 1 WLR 2112, 2114

If the case is written using paragraph numbers instead or page numbers the pinpoint will appear as follows:

Callery v Gray [2001] EWCA Civ 1117, [2001] 1 WLR 2112, [12]



Author, ‘title of web article<web address> accessed date

Campaign for Freedom of Information, ‘Whistle-blowing’ <> accessed 8 February 2011

  • If there is no author for the webpage information use the corporate author for the website such as the BBC, Company name or Organisation name.
  • You must include the date you accessed the website in your reference.
  • If there is no obvious title to the information you are using, reference the webpage heading.


Is your information resource not listed above?

Check out the University of Salford’s guide to referencing different resource types:


Example Bibliography

Example of Table of Cases, Table of Legislation and Bibliography to go at the end of your essay

Sample bibliography for OSCOLA style

Remember to ensure the author surname is listed first in the Bibliography.

Save Your Word Count Using OSCOLA

Click the image to access the guide

Click the image to access the guide











How many kilos of strawberries are eaten at Wimbledon?* Using newspapers to keep up to date.

2 July 2015


*28,ooo kg. each year (CNN News)

Newspapers are a great source of topical information and reading one is a good and easy way of keeping up to date.  University of Salford students have access to the Nexis & Business News database which is accessible both on and off campus by following the database link in Library Search.  Nexis is a global database providing access to local papers such as the Manchester Evening News, the UK broadsheets and international papers such as the New York Times.

The search screen in Nexis gives you the option of filtering by date & source – you can limit yourself to today’s news from the UK if you want to catch up with all the latest Wimbledon commentary.  Nexis also has up to a 30 year archive of most sources so you can also use it to research from a historical perspective – read about Boris Becker’s defeat of Kevin Curren at the age of 17 or the battles between Steffi Graf  and Martina Navratilova in the eighties.

If you want to cite newspaper articles in your assignments follow the guidance on how to reference them on the library web pages.

Still baffled by Turnitin?

28 January 2015

turnitin logoDo you need help with e-submission using Turnitin? You can find plenty of online help via the Turnitin link on the Student Channel. The Library is also providing the following drop-in sessions in room AC202 in Adelphi library:

Tuesday 3rd February 1-2pm
Tuesday 10th February 1-2pm
Tuesday 17th February 1-2pm
Tuesday 24th February 1-2pm

No need to book – just turn up!

Struggling with your studies? Get Skills for Learning

11 December 2014

skills for learning captureSkills for Learning is a great new website that brings study support together in one easy to find place. It covers all the main areas of:

– Reading and writing

– Finding and understanding information

– Using and referencing information

– IT and digital skills

– Working with numbers

– Group work and presentations

– Assessment, revision and exams

– Supporting your dyslexia or disability

Go and have a look around the site to see what support you can get today from eLearning, videos and guides, or another day by booking onto a workshop, calling into a drop in or arranging a one to one appointment.

And don’t forget, there are also lots of great posts on this blog that will help you with your studies.

If you would like to comment on the site, make suggestions for things to add and things to change you can either post a comment here or email

Want to manage your references?

14 August 2014

Struggling with keeping on track of the books, articles and websites you’re using? Want to try a referencing tool to try and manage, store and provide a ‘cite as you write’ facility?

The University subscribes to Endnote – but there are other free packages available such as Mendeley.

There’s a web version you can use, as well as a software and widgets to download to your own computer (there are Windows, Mac and Linux desktop versions) and an app for iOS (iPad, iPhone and iPod).

Find out more about Mendeley here:

We estimate there are around 500 people at Salford already using Mendeley, so to make things easier for you, here’s how to add a link to Salford’s full text journals to your web account.