The United Nations agree slavery is prohibited, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) states:
“No one shall be held in slavery or servitude: slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.”
For many, if not most of us, the concept of slavery was something historical and ‘other’ to our experience of being in the world. Yet, more than 40 million people do not live in freedom, and in Europe alone 800,000 people are enslaved.
Modern Slavery encompasses:
- Human trafficking.
- Slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour.
From 31 July 2015, in all UK referrals, the Competent Authority (trained decision makers) must consider whether the person is a victim of human trafficking. In England and Wales, if someone is found not to be a victim of trafficking, the Competent Authority must go on to consider whether they are the victim of another form of modern slavery, which includes slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour.