E-Scooters in Greater Manchester


Healthy Active Cities is conducting a study alongside the Department for Transport’ e-scooter share scheme trial in Greater Manchester (Rochdale and Salford). The trial involves the provision of Lime e-scooters for hire. The work is funded by Transport for Greater Manchester and Lime.

The University study comprises a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods across online surveys, reference groups and in-depth interviews. It will seek to understand experiences and perceptions in relation to the scooters, to identify who is using the scooters, why, how, and for what purpose, and to place the scooters within a broader context that takes account of other road users, the wider community, and vulnerable people. The work builds upon previous research on e-scooters, bike share and e-cargo bikes.

E-Scooter share scheme launch event at the University of Salford


The research will investigate and create an evidence base on:

  • who is using, or considering using, e-scooters and how these groups could be categorised;
  • reasons for using e-scooters and potential barriers to (further or more extensive) use;
  • journey purposes and other factors motivating use of e-scooters;
  • the relationship of e-scooting with other modes of transport and how this may encourage intermodal travel and drive patronage to more sustainable modes;
  • the nature of the e-scooting experience and its relationship with the urban context, including physical infrastructure, traffic and interactions with other road users, pedestrians and cyclists;
  • perceptions of e-scooters by users and non-users in relation to convenience, impact, safety, the public realm and interactions with others;
  • the distribution of the above factors across demographic groups including gender, ethnicity, socio-economic status and levels of vulnerability and the implications of this for uptake and social inclusion.
  • the influence of the Covid-19 pandemic and associated policy responses over use of, and perceptions relating to, e-scooters.


The researchers will be collecting data in 2021 and 2022, including an ongoing set of reference groups, interviews with e-scooter users and others, and a set of online surveys. The project final report will provide detailed findings and insights into the implications of the trial for UK policy and the development of micromobility in Salford and the UK.

Second Interim ReportJanuary 2022

Three older age white people are looking at a lime e-scooter and laughing

Our second interim report (January 2022) is now available and provides further data collection and analysis. Read the report as a pdf.

Interim ReportMay 2021

Our interim report (May 2021) is now available and provides an initial analysis of the first stages of data collection. Read the report as a pdf.

Research Team

Dr Graeme Sherriff (Principal Investigator)
Dr Luke Blazejewski (Research Associate)
For more information, please contact g.sherriff@salford.ac.uk